Saturday 1 February 2020

Verb and its Kinds

Verb and its Kinds

Verb describes action or work as well as state or being. It also tells something about the subject.

Types of verbs :
Auxiliaries (helping verbs)
Finite verbs (main verbs)

Auxiliaries : auxiliaries are helping verbs used with main verbs / finite verbs. They are special verbs support the main action done by the agent (subject)

Finite Verbs : They denote main action or work done by subject. (doer)
e.g. work, sleep, play, read, study, stand, win, cram, laugh, sing, teach, write, etc.

Examples :

Hari and Ram have gone to market.
This news is true.
Mathematics is a branch of study.
I am fed up of such behaviour.
To respect our parents is our duty.
He is the best captain.
I do not tell lies.
My friends were playing in the ground.
He does not know how to swim.
He has played his part very well.

Transitive and Intransitive verbs

Transitive Verbs – A Transitive Verb, used with a direct object, transmits action to an object or the action passes to an object. It may also have an indirect object.
In simple words transitive verb takes / has an object.

For example :

 Transitive Verbs with two objects – direct and indirect objects
 Examples :

More Examples :

Loy sent the letter.
sent – verb            letter = object to the verb ‘sent’

Miss Janette gave the lecture.
gave – verb           lecture = object to the verb ‘gave’

Rohan blew the whistle.
blew – verb           whistle = object to the verb ‘blew’

Monica wrote the article.
wrote – verb                   article = object to the verb ‘wrote’

The children marked their answers.
marked – verb                answers = object to the verb ‘marked’

One should read the newspaper daily.
read – verb            newspaper = object to the verb ‘read’

Intransitive Verbs – An Intransitive verb does not transmit action to any object or it is a verb where the action does not pass on to the object.
In simple words, Intransitive verb does NOT take / have an object.

e.g.    The children are playing in the ground. (action of ‘playing’ does not pass)
          The baby is sleeping soundly. (action of ‘sleeping’ does not pass)
Note : ‘ground’ in first sentence and ‘soundly’ in second sentence are not the objects as the action does not passes to them and are not the answers of ‘what’.

More Examples :

The baby is crying for milk.
The sun sets in the west.
The flowers bloom in the spring season.
The children are running fast.
Shaan sings very sweetly.

Exercise 1

1. He ran a long distance.
2. The storm sank the ships.
3. This horse never kicks.
4. The baby sleeps in his bed.
5. I cannot forget his face.
6. The moon rose early.
7. The birds fly in the air.
8. The train stopped suddenly.
9. I cannot spare time for you.
10. The driver stopped the car.

Answers :
1. Transitive            2. Transitive   3. Intransitive   4. Intransitive   5. Transitive
6. Intransitive   7. Intransitive   8. Intransitive   9. Transitive  10. Transitive

Exercise 2

1. Sherin delivered a good speech.
2. He sits around too often.
3. Rocky danced for two hours.
4. Saumya talks a lot.
5. The bell rang at 2 p.m.
6. The driver stopped the train.
7. The teacher gave her class a good lecture.
8. I know my principles.
9. The students are working hard for good results.

Answers :
1.  TRANSITIVE           2.  INTRANSITIVE       3.  INTRANSITIVE      
7. TRANSITIVE            8. TRANSITIVE            9.  INTRANSITIVE

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