Tuesday, 5 June 2018

Learning Present Indefinite Tense

Tenses

The word ‘tense’ is derived from Latin word ‘tempus’ and it means time. Basically tense conveys the time of action.
Tenses are mainly divided into parts – Present, Past and Future. They are further subdivided into three categories – Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect and Perfect Continuous.

PRESENT TENSE
PAST TENSE
FUTURE TENSE
PRESENT INDEFINITE
PAST INDEFINITE
FUTURE INDEFINITE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PAST CONTINUOUS
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
PRESENT PERFECT
PAST PERFECT
FUTURE PERFECT
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS




SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE OR PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE is generally used to describe actions that occur in the present time but that are not happening right now.

We use the Simple Present Tense when an action takes place now, or when it happens regularly, daily or generally.

Basic structure of a sentence in this tense is Subject + Verb 1 + Object (S+V+O)



Simple Present Tense is used to –
1. express a habitual action :

e.g.     He tells a lie.
      
            Paul practises piano every day.
     
            Puja swims in morning.
2. convey a work done as a daily routine :

e.g. My mother cooks for me.

       We take eggs in breakfast.

       My father goes for a walk in morning.
3. express facts and general/universal truths :

e.g.  The Sun rises in the east.

        They  deal in Electronics.       
       
        My aunt is German by birth.
4. denote a planned or arranged event :

e.g. The Super Kids starts at 8:30 p.m.

        The Shatabdi Express arrives at 9 a.m.

        Mr. Verma travels during the summer.
5. express preference, character, condition :

e.g. I love to read books.
      
       The car looks old.

       Sweta is punctual.

Adverbs/Adverb phrases used -
 Always                      Daily
Usually                      Sometimes
Never                         Seldom
Rarely                                    Often
Every day                 Generally
Twice a day              In morning

Verb form used in the Tense–
Verb's base form is used (first form of verb)
 Singular subject takes singular verb. (verb 1+ s/es)
 Plural subject takes plural verb. (verb 1 without s/es)

  Plural verbs
  Verb 1 (first form)
  Singular verbs
  Verb 1 + s / es
  sleep
  sleeps
  Work
  Works
  Play
  Plays
  Try
  Tries
  Go
  Goes
  Do
  Does
watch
watches
relax
relaxes
dance
dances
write
writes

Examples :
 You seem tired.
 I brush my teeth twice a day.
 Rohini enjoys playing the piano.
 Spiders make webs.
 He is very hard working.
My sister knows Bharatnatyam.
 Sonu does not like vanilla.
 These girls practise every day for three hours.
 Ananya studies in a boarding school.
I love to read mystery books.
Note : I and You in spite of being singular take plural verb. It is an exception to the rule.

Exercise for practice
1.     Mr. Smith _________ us Spanish. (teach)
2.     Mona ______________ how to swim. (not know)
3.     Cows ________ in fields. (graze)
4.     Rakesh _________ care of his sister. (take)
5.      I _________ coffee to tea. (prefer)
6.     My granny _________ very beautiful. (be)
7.     We _________ every day for an hour. (play)
8.     My parents _____________ English. (not speak)
9.     Aunt Lisa __________ cookies for me. (bake)
10.                        One of my friends ________ very well. (dance)   

Answers :
1.     Teaches   2. Does not know    3. Graze   4. Take   5. Prefer
6. Is   7. Play   8. Do not speak   9. Bakes   10. dances


Click the link given below for the video with live explanation 
                         
https://youtu.be/_oNSt-QWCPY










1 comment:

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