Saturday, 25 July 2020

Analytical Paragraph

Analytical Paragraph (Data Interpretation)

It is factual and analytical description of figures, facts, bars, tables, graphs, charts or data based on a topic/issue.
It is more analytical form of factual description.
It requires awareness and good understanding of the data and comparative study of figures and arriving at an inference.
Interpretation has to be precise using right vocabulary or specific terms and suitable adjectives.
One must not avoid/miss any fact provided with the question nor add any information.


The purpose of data interpretation is to analyse, describe and compare the data/figures.


Title (in centre and underlined)
Content (1-2 paragraphs)

Phrases used to improve the quality of Interpretation

As shown in the above graph/table/chart …………..
As per the trends shown in the chart …………………
If we compare the data shown by lines…………..
The above chart shows …………………….
The line graph clearly indicates the escalating prices/production/sales ……..
A consistent growth is indicated in ………………………
As a contrast, a steep fall is visible in …………………
Net production has risen sharply in ……………………...
Overall sales witnessed almost no change in the year/years ……….
In the month/year/decade production reached its peak …………
Sales halved/doubled/tripled/quadrupled/ increased fivefold in …….

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Samples of Descriptive Writing

Q1. In the table given below the data of production of sugar by 6 major units in India is shown in various months. Interpret the data in your own words.

Ans. The above table shows the production of sugar by 6 production units denoted by A B C D E F in the months April, May, June, July and August. As we can see, the highest production is made by unit A in almost all the months, that too with a huge margin. The table demonstrates that Unit B has been steady throughout the season and better than other units in the months of April and May with 180 and 179 million tonnes of sugar respectively, but as a contrast in the month of August its production has seen a fall. Visibly, the production of C and D has been better than that of Unit B in the months of June, July and August, but the average production by C is better than all other units and only second to Unit A. The production of Units E and F has been consistent but lower than other units in all the months while Unit F has made the least production of sugar.
To conclude, the production of sugar by Unit A is the highest, Unit F being the lowest and Unit C little better than the rest. If we calculate the average, the production by the units B, C and D is at the middle slab and Units E and F at the lowest one.

Q2. The data of rainfall in the years 2012-2017 is presented in the bar graph given below. Interpret the data in your own words.

Ans. The above graph compares the rainfall in the entire season from June to September with rainfall in the month of August during the period of 2012 - 2017.  We observe that year 2013 is the highest in terms of rainfall in the season and 2016 is the year with second most rainfall. The least rainfall was recorded in year 2015 and the rest being the same.
Comparing the data given we clearly observe the maximum variation in the rainfall in 2013 receiving the highest rainfall in the season and second lowest in August with 900 mm and 250 mm respectively.  We also observe that the rainfall in 2015 was lowest during the season as well as in August with 700 mm and 190 mm respectively. The most rainfall that happened in the month of august was in the year 2012 which was 300 mm. If we compare the years 2012, 2016 and 2017, we observe that though the total rainfall is about the same where there are variations in the months of August which is 300, 265 and 280 mm. respectively. In a nutshell, the rainfall received in all the years is quite similar ranging from 880-900 mm. leaving the year 2015 as an exception.

Past Tense


  1. i still have a confusion in analytical paragraph format pls help my exam is in an hour

    1. Sorry, I saw it late. By the way tell me what is the confusion.

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