Saturday 11 February 2023

Types of sentence


What is a Sentence –

A sentence is a set of words that conveys a definite and logical meaning.

A sentence is divided into two major parts.

1. Subject - Radhika

2. Predicate – is an intelligent girl.


On the basis of structure there are four types of sentence.

1. Assertive Sentence ( also called as Declarative, Sentence of Statement, Simple sentence )

Structure of Assertive Sentence – subject + helping verb + main verb + object + object complement


Examples –

I am dancing.

They were dancing.

He is a good dancer.

He has submitted his project.

You will watch TV in the evening.

She likes chocolates.

Rita loves to dance on drum beats.

You speak softly.

Garima loved the movie.


How to turn it into Negative sentence –


1. by adding ‘NOT’ after helping verb / between helping verb and main verb.

I am not dancing.

They were not dancing.

He is not a good dancer.

He has not submitted his project.

You will not watch TV in the evening.


2. by adding ‘DO/DOES/DID with NOT’ before main verb (in case of helping verb is not used in the sentence.

She does not like chocolates. (likes – does + like)

Rita does not love to dance on drum beats. (loves – does + love)

You do not speak softly. (speak – do + speak)

Garima did not love the movie. (loved – did + love)


2. Interrogative Sentence ( Questions )

Structure – Question Word (optional) + helping verb + subject + main verb + object + object complement + question mark (?)

Examples –

Why are you so late?

What haven’t you spoken to the boss?

Why did you not join our play?

What is your good name?

When is your birthday?

What is your intention?

Did you reach the place on time?

Are you not coming with us?

Is it your first time?

Is it that you performed yesterday?


3. Imperative Sentence – (order, request, command, advice, suggestion, apology, regret, pleading, prohibition)

Structure – Verb + object +  object complement

Examples –

Close the door.

Read that book.

Don’t turn off the fan.

Please bring me a cup of coffee.

Pass me the salt.

Please don’t bang the door. Please help the poor. (He advised to help the poor.0

Don’t pluck flowers from the garden.

Use a ballpoint pen instead of gel pen.

Sorry! please forgive me.

Let’s (Let us) go for a picnic this weekend.


Exclamatory Sentence – (sudden outburst of emotions, feelings or expressions – fear, joy, sorrow, happiness, surprise, anger, disgust, pity, excitement)

Structure – exclamatory word + subject + helping verb + main verb + object + object complement + exclamatory mark ( ! )

Examples –

Alas! I broke my leg.

Wow! Such a beautiful rain it is.

OMG! What a pleasant surprise you have given me.

Ouch! It is paining.

Hurrah! We won the match.

Oh no! Time of the exam is over.

What a lovely painting it is!


Transformation of Sentences

 Exercise :

Q. Transform the following sentences as directed:

1. She likes chocolates (negative)

She doesn’t dislike chocolate.

2. She sings melodiously. Doesn’t she? (Interrogative)

Doesn’t she sing melodiously?

3. Everyone knows the colour of water. (Interrogative)

Who doesn’t know the colour of water?

4. Today the weather is very pleasant. (Exclamatory)

How beautiful the weather is, today!

5. I attended the board meeting. (Negative)

I did not fail to attend the board meeting.

6. I never tell lies. (Assertive)

I always speak the truth.

7. Please help me solve this problem. (Assertive)

You are requested to help me solve this problem,

8. Rajasthan is the largest state of India. (Negative)

No other state is as large as Rajasthan.

How to Convert into negative

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