Doer (subject) is given more importance.
Subject is placed in the beginning.
Subject + helping verb + appropriate form of main verb + object
e.g. I have visited Agra.
Action is given more importance.
Object is placed in the beginning.
Object + helping verb (if required) + appropriate form of ‘be’ + V3 + by + subject
e.g. Agra has been visited by me.
Forms of ‘Be’
( I form)
( II form)
( III form)
am ( I )
are (you & plural)
Certain Points to remember :
1. Sentences in Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Continuous and Future Perfect Continuous Tenses can’t be converted into Passive Voice.
2. Intransitive verbs can’t be changed in passive voice as they don’t take an object after them.
3. Imperative sentences are changed in a different way as they don't have subjects and begin with verb and their subjects are understood as ‘you’.
Passive voice in Imperative Sentence
A - Bring a cup of coffee for me. (order)
P - You are ordered to bring a cup of coffee for me.
A - Switch off the fan. (asking)
P - Let the fan be switched off.
A - Listen to me, please. (request)
P - You are requested to listen to me.
A - Work hard for assured success. (advice)
P - You are advised to work hard for assured success.
Passive with two objects
A - Sneha gave me a pen. (pen is direct object and answer of ‘what’)
P - A pen was given to me by Sneha. (direct object is placed in the beginning)
A - My father gifted me a watch.
P - A watch was gifted me by my father.
More Examples :
A - Pratap catches a big fish.
P - A big fish is caught by Pratap.
A - Help the needy
P - The needy should be helped.
A - Open the door.
P - Let the door be opened. (by you)
A - Who will cook the food, today?
P - By whom will the food be cooked, today?
A - The children laughed at the mad man.
P - The mad man was laughed at by the children.
Change the voice of the following sentence.
a. I will help you.
b. My pocket has been picked.
c. People speak English all over the world.
d. He was appointed as monitor.
e. The light has been put out.
f. They gave the children sweets.
a. You will be helped by me.
b. Someone has picked my pocket.
c. English is spoken by the people all over the world.
d. They appointed him as monitor.
e. Someone has put out the light.
f. Sweets were given to the children by them.
Read the following instructions and complete the paragraph that follows.
First of all, take a pan.
Pour a cup of water into the pan and let it boil for a minute.
Add a teaspoon full of tea leaves in the boiling water.
Add sugar according to taste.
After another minute, strain the tea into a cup.
Add little milk and serve hot.
First of all, a pan is taken. A cup of water a. ______________ into the pan and let it be boiled for a minute. A teaspoon of tea leaves b. _____________ into the boiling water. Then, sugar c. _______________ taste. After another minute, the tea d. _____________ into the cup. Lastly, little milk e. ______________ hot.
a. is poured
b. is added
c. is added according to
d. is strained
e. is added and served