PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Two elements of verb forms used in this tense are :
1. appropriate modal auxiliary ‘shall/will’
2. Verb's first form is used (V1 - first form of main verb)
1. The Simple future tense is used to express an action that is going to take place in future near or far.
e.g. The teacher will teach Tenses tomorrow. (going to happen in near future)
Father will come back in evening. (near future-routine)
2. The Simple future tense is used to express an action that is likely to take place in future.
e.g. I don’t think he will pass. (likely to happen)
They won't come back before evening.
3. It is used for future plans/decisions about future
e.g. I shall pay the rent next week. (future decisions)
The company will buy two more machines next month. (plan)
The scheme will be launched next month. (plan)
4. This Tense is used to express the things that are sure to happen in future, something that can not be changed, which is beyond our control -
The school will remain closed tomorrow. (sure to happen in future)
The buses will not ply tomorrow due to strike.
Note : Apart from will and shall, 'about to', 'going to' and 'is to' are also used to express actions in future which is known as future time reference.
Uses of Will and shall
We generally use ‘shall’ with I and we.
For other pronouns you, they, she, he, it ‘will’ is used generally
Will is used for certainty, confirmation, assurance, decision or plan and shall is used for promise, hope, request, suggestion and offer of help. Shall is more formal and literary; will is used more commonly and more frequently now a days.
Uses of ‘Will’ :
Will is used for certainty, confirmation, assurance, decision or plan. It is used more common and generally used with friends, family, every day life and in spoken English.
1. when we decide to do something at the time of speaking (descision) -
I will have a glass of orange juice.
She will lie down for some time as she is tired.
2. to express the plan of the speaker -
I will consult a specialist for my eye problem.
I will not go for a walk as it is very humid.
3. When speaker is assured/confirmed to do something -
I will clean my room.
I will pay your telephone bill.
4. to request somebody to do something
Will you bring my bag please?
5. to promise to do something to friends -
I will help you in the Science assignment.
Uses of ‘Shall’ :
These days ‘shall’ is mainly used to ask for favour, make promise, to give suggestions or to make offers, seek or offer help. 'Shall' is more formal and literary.
1. To make polite or formal request -
Shall we go for a coffee please?
Shall we leave now? (question)
2. To make polite or formal suggestion -
Shall we go and clean the community park?
Shall we take the children to the circus this Sunday?
3. to make a promise –
I shall always be there with you.
You shall see the difference yourself.
4. to make an offer of help -
Shall I call the cab for you?
Shall I lay the table for dinner?
5. to hope for something good –
We shall win this competition.
We shall meet again.
We shall overcome.
Note : Two future tenses can’t be used in a sentence, in case of two clauses, one clause should be in simple present tense while the other in any of the future tenses.
MORE EXAMPLES :
1. I will eat pizza tomorrow.
2. They will go Las Vegas next week.
3. We shall overcome some day.
4. We will study Economics in next period.
5. If you work hard, you will succeed. (condition)
6. Tomorrow I will be 18 years old
Exercise for practice
1. Mr. Smith _________ us today. (not teach)
2. He _______ always _______ care of his sister. (take)
3. My granny _________ me at the airport. (meet)
4. We _________ every day for an hour from now for better result. (study)
5. Aunt Lisa __________ cookies for my birthday party. (bake)
6. This bridge ________ ready for use by the end of this year. (be)
7. ______ you ________ with us for the party? (not come)
8. _______ I _________ you to the party? (accompany)
9. If God wills, we _________ again. (meet)
10. I ________ a chilled coke with banana chips. (take)
1. will not teach 2. Shall, take 3. Will meet 4. Will study 5. Will bake
6. will be 7. Won’t, come 8. Shall, accompany 9. Shall meet 10. Will take