Tuesday, 3 January 2023

Future Indefinite Tense



Tenses

The word ‘tense’ is derived from Latin word ‘tempus’ and it means time. Basically tense conveys the time of action.
Tenses are mainly divided into parts – Present, Past and Future. They are further subdivided into three categories – Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect and Perfect Continuous.

PRESENT TENSE
PAST TENSE
FUTURE TENSE
PRESENT INDEFINITE
PAST INDEFINITE
FUTURE INDEFINITE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PAST CONTINUOUS
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
PRESENT PERFECT
PAST PERFECT
FUTURE PERFECT
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS



FUTURE TENSE AT A GLANCE





SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE OR FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE

FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE is generally used to describe actions that are going to occur in the coming time, near or far future. It is also known as Simple Future Tense.


VERB FORMS USED IN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE


Basic structure of a sentence in this tense is Subject + will/shall  + Verb 1 + Object 

Two elements of verb forms used in this tense are :

1. appropriate modal auxiliary ‘shall/will’

2. Verb's first form is used (V1 - first form of main verb)





TIME EXPRESSIONS




Usage of Future Indefinite Tense

 

1. The Simple future tense is used to express an action that is going to take place in future near or far.

e.g. The teacher will teach Tenses tomorrow. (going to happen in near future)

      Father will come back in evening. (near future-routine)

2. The Simple future tense is used to express an action that is likely to take place in future.

  e.g.   I don’t think he will pass. (likely to happen)

           They won't come back before evening.

3. It is used for future plans/decisions about future

e.g. I shall pay the rent next week. (future decisions)

      The company will buy two more machines next month. (plan)

      The scheme will be launched next month. (plan)

4. This Tense is used to express the things that are sure to happen in future, something that can not be changed, which is beyond our control - 

The school will remain closed tomorrow. (sure to happen in future)

The buses will not ply tomorrow due to strike.


Note : Apart from will and shall, 'about to', 'going to' and 'is to' are also used to express actions in future which is known as future time reference.


Uses of Will and shall

It does not matter if the subject is singular or plural the formula for the simple  future tense does not change-

We generally use will with I, you ,they, we, he, she and it .

We use shall with I and we.


Uses of ‘Will’ :

1. when we decide to do something at the time of speaking - 

Examples:

I will have a glass of orange juice.

She will lie down for some time as she is tired.


2. to express the views  of the speaker - 

Examples:

I will consult a specialist for my eye problem.

I will not go for a walk as it is very humid.


3. to offer to do something - 

I will make a cup of coffee for the guests.

I will pay your telephone bill.


4. to request somebody to do something - 

Example:

Will you bring my bag please?


5. to promise to do something

Example:

I will help you in the Science assignment.


Uses of ‘Shall’ :

These days, shall is mainly used to ask questions, to give suggestions or to make offers, seek or offer help.

Example :

a) Shall I lay the table for dinner?(offer)

b) Shall we take the children to the circus this Sunday? (suggestion)

c) Shall we leave now?( question)


Note : Will is used for certainty and assurance and shall is used for promise and offer of help. Shall is more formal and literary and will is used more commonly and more frequently


MORE EXAMPLES :

1. I will eat pizza tomorrow.

2. They will go Las Vegas next week.

3. We shall overcome some day.

4. We will study Economics in next period.

5. If you work hard, you will succeed. (condition)

6. Tomorrow I will be 18 years old


Exercise for practice 


1.     Mr. Smith _________ us today. (not teach)

2.     He _______ always _______ care of his sister. (take)

3.      My granny _________ me at the airport. (meet)

4.     We _________ every day for an hour from now for better result. (study)

5.     Aunt Lisa __________ cookies for my birthday party. (bake)

6.     This bridge ________ ready for use by the end of this year. (be)

7.     ______ you ________ with us for the party?  (not come)

8.     _______ I _________ you to the party? (accompany)

9.     If God wills, we _________ again. (meet)

10.        I ________ a chilled coke with banana chips. (take)



Answers :

1. will not teach   2. Shall, take    3. Will meet   4. Will study   5. Will bake

6. will be   7. Won’t, come   8. Shall, accompany   9. Shall meet   10. Will take 



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