‘The Proposal’ is a one act play written
by Anton P. Chekhov, a renowned Russian playwright and short story writer. It is a farce, a humorous play involving three
characters – Lomov, Natalya and Chubukov.
play, earlier titled as ‘A Marriage Proposal’, describes peculiar behaviour the
neighbours tend to do. Lomov who comes to propose Natalya who lives next door,
but before he could propose, they started quarreling badly and it ended up into
ugly argument and exchange of abuses between the two dragging their families
play is about the tendency of wealthy families to seek ties with other wealthy
families, to increase their estates through marriage ties.
dialogues are interesting and clever and they say it all about the characters.
The captivating scene, catchy dialogues and the life like characters are
highlights of the play.
SUMMARY / SYNOPSIS :
§ The play opens in Chubukov’s libing room. Lomov enters, dressed in theevening dress. Chubukov thinks that he has come to borrow money and says that he won’t give any money. He asks Lomov about the reason of being dressed like that. Lomov has weak nerves so after talking much he could tell that he has come to seek Natalya’s hand in marriage. Chubukov is very excited and happy to hear it as he has been worried about his daughter’s marriage. Lomov asks if Natalya would be ready for the marriage. Chubukov says that Natalya also is in love with him and goes away to call her.
talks to himself that if he looks for an ideal girl or real love, he would
never get married. However, he feels that Natalya is a good housekeeper,
beautiful and well educated. He is already 35 of age and suffering from palpitations.
He can’t sleep properly and jumps up like a mad person in the middle of sleep.
Natalya enters and, to begin the conversation starts talking about the
harvest. She also asks him why he is dressed as if he is going for a ball. Lomov tries to tell
her the purpose, but he beats about the bush due to his nervousness. They
started talking about the work happening on farms. Lomov tells how he inherited
his ‘Oxen meadows’ from his aunt.
§ Hearing this Natalya gets offended and tells him that Oxen Meadows are not
Lomov’s but hers. Lomov clarifies that earlier there was dispute over the land but now, everyone knows that the land belongs to them. His aunt’s grandmother gave the free use of Oxen Meadows to Natalya’s father’s grandfather for free and in return they baked bricks for his aunt’s grandmother. The peasants used the land for forty years for free thus, they started considering it as their own.
expressing her claim over the land says that both grandfather and great
grandfather reckoned that their land extended from Birchwoods to Burnt Marsh
and since Oxen Meadows lie between the two, it belongs to Lomov.
says that he can produce the documents. But Natalya says that they are using the land as theirs for nearly three hundred years. She can’t accept unfairness though the Meadows
are not worth more than 300 roubles.
Lomov says he can present his land to Natalya who also offers to make a present
of them to him.
starts accusing Lomov saying that they lent him their threshing machine
delaying their work. Natalya calls him a land grabber. They start fighting and shouting at
the loud voices Chubukov enters and clarifies that Oxen meadows belongs to them.
He accuses Lomov of speaking disrespectfully saying that he is twice his age. Lomov
calls Chubukov a landgrabber. Lomov says that his grandfather was tried in
court for fraud and threatens to take Chubukov to the court. Chubukov says
Lomov’s family is full of mad people, his grandfather was a drunkard, father a
gambler and his younger aunt, Nastasya ran away with an architect. Lomov says
Chubukov’s mother was hump backed and wants to say something more but, he gets
cold and starts having palpitations.
started abusing calling Lomov ‘a rascal’, ‘Villain’ and ‘the scarecrow’.
Chubukov calls him a monster who has the courage to propose. Hearing the word
‘propose’ Natalya asks about it. Chubukov tells her that Lomov came to
propose to her for marriage. Hearing this she starts weeping loudly and asks
Chubukov to bring him back at once. Chubukov thinks that it is a huge burden
to be a father of a grown up daughter and calls him back.
enters again. Natalya begs pardon and tells him that the Meadows belong to him.
In order to avoid argument they start talking about shooting and the talk now
shifts on dogs. Lomov tells Natalya that his dog ‘Guess’ the best dog has gone
lame and that it cost him 125 roubles. Natalya says 125 roubles is too much for
his dog as her father gave 85 roubles for her dog ‘Squeezer’ saying that ‘Squeezer’
is better than his dog ‘Guess’. Lomov stresses that his ‘Guess’ is better telling
that Squeezer is overshot as his lower jaw is shorter than the upper. Natalya
defends saying that their Squeezer is young and of the finest pedigree.
§ Both Lomov and Natalya start fighting over their dogs. Lomov’s heart again starts palpitating fiercely. Chubukov adds that Guess is old and short in muzzle. Lomov cites some facts for his dog’s superiority that his dog races neck to neck with the Count’s dog and in that race Squeezer was left behind saying that their Squeezer ran after a sheep. Lomov speaks about his palpitating heart and cold hands. Natalya says that he should go to the kitchen and hunt beetles and not go after foxes. Chubukov adds that Lomov should sit at home. Chubukov also abuses him calling ‘intriguer’, ‘pup’, ‘rat’, etc. Lomov tells that Chubukov’s late wife beat him and Chubukov says that he is under his house keeper’s slipper. He falls down in the armchair. Natalya thinks he is dead. Chubukov starts cursing himself and wants to kill himself because he fears that his daughter will remain unmarried. Then, he sees Lomov reviving. Lomov says he sees stars and asks where he is. Chubukov asks him to get up and get married as he doesn’t want to lose this opportunity again due to quarrels. Natalya is also willing to marry him. Chubukov asks them to kiss each other to finalise their relation. He feels that a weight has come off his shoulders.
Important Question Answers
Q1. Which issues related to wedding are highlighted
in the play ‘The Proposal’?
Ans. The play 'The
Proposal' written by Russian playwright Anton Chekhov highlights various issues
related to the wedding. First of all, it depicts the purpose behind weddings in
the rich families which is to seek ties with other wealthy families and increase their
estate. The wedding is usually fixed and intended for money and social status.
The second issue is
that the weddings are not appropriate or suitable for both the parties. In the
play, neither Natalya Stepanovna nor Ivan Vassilevitch Lomov loved each other
nor they had respect, but agreed to the marriage because of estate and their
need of getting married. Such unequal and wrong matches result in quarrels
among the spouses. The quarrelsome nature of both Natalya and Lomov highlighted
that the most husbands and wives spend their married life in quarrelling on
petty issues and do not show maturity to solve the matters.
Q2. What is a farce? How is the play ‘The Proposal’ a farce?
Ans. A farce is a humorous play through and through. Mostly, such plays don't make much sense in terms of the storyline and dialogues. However, such plays may make sense in terms of message or learning.
The play 'The Proposal' written by Russian playwright, Anton Chekhov can be perfectly called a farce as it involves three characters – Lomov, Natalya and Chubukov, and all of them are quarrelsome, immature and insincere in their language and conduct. Whatever they say doesn't make much sense. When they start quarrelling, they forget all the limits of decency and cross all the boundaries of civilisation. In this play, neither Natalya Stepanovna nor Ivan Vassilevitch Lomov loved each other nor they had respect, but agreed to the marriage just because of estate and their need of getting married.
The play began with Lomov's wish to propose Natalya and entire play was nothing but an ugly and furious quarrel among the three. The proposal was hurriedly accepted at the end by Natalya's father otherwise due to the quarrel it would have been forgotten. Both Natalya and Lomov are quarrelsome and may be spending their married life in quarrelling on petty issues without showing maturity to solve the matters. We can't learn anything out of their words, behaviour or character, but certainly we can learn what all we shouldn't be doing or saying.
Q3. Describe both the subjects briefly on which
Natalya and Lomov fight?
Ans. When Lomov unconsciously calls Oxen Meadows his
land, Natalya starts quarrelling that Oxen meadows are hers. At this Lomov
clarifies that earlier, there was dispute over the land but now, everyone knows
that the land belongs to them. He adds that his aunt’s grandmother gave the
free use of Oxen Meadows to Natalya’s father’s grandfather for free. The
peasants used the land for forty years for free and, thus they regarded it as
their own. Natalya expressing her claim over the land says that both
grandfather and great grandfather reckoned that their land extended from
Birchwoods to Burnt Marsh and since Oxen Meadows lie between the two, they
belong to Natalya, and not Lomov.
Next time they start fighting over their dogs. Lomov
tells Natalya that his dog ‘Guess’ is the best dog and cost him 125 roubles.
Natalya says 125 roubles is too much for his dog as her father gave 85 roubles
for her dog ‘Squeezer’ who is better than his dog ‘Guess’. Lomov tells that her
Squeezer is overshot and bad hunter as his lower jaw is shorter than the upper.
Natalya defends saying that their Squeezer is young and of the finest pedigree.