Thursday, 7 May 2020

Determiners for classes 6 - 10


Determiners

·       Determiners fall in the category of adjective.
·       It qualifies/determines, points out a noun or pronoun.
·       It is placed in front / against a noun

Kinds of Determiner :

1. Articles – a, an, the
        Definite : the
        Indefinite : a, an

‘A’ is used with the nouns starting with consonant sound.
 e.g. a girl, a one eyed man, a one rupee note, a European, a university

‘An’ is used with nouns starting with vowel sound.
 e.g. an egg, an honest boy, an F. I. R., an M . L. A., an MBBS, An HR executive

Usages of ‘The’
1. ‘The’ is used for specific nouns or particular thing/person being talked about.
e.g. The book you want is out of print.

2. When a singular noun is meant to represent a whole class
e.g.  The cow is a useful animal.
        The rose is the sweetest of all flowers.

3. With names of gulfs, rivers, seas, oceans, islands and mountain ranges, great books, epics, nouns which are unique of its kind
e.g.  the Ganges, the Persian Gulf, the Indian Ocean, the Himalayas, the Red Sea, the Ramayana, the Vedas, the sun, the earth

4. Before a proper noun when qualified by an adjective
e.g. The great Caesar, the Ashoka, Akbar the great

5. With superlatives
e.g.  the best, one of the most, the tallest building


2. Possessive adjective : my, our, his, her, your, their, its

Possessive adjectives
Possessive pronouns
My
Mine
Our
Ours
Your
Yours
His
His
Her
Hers
Their
Theirs
Its
Its

For example –
My son is honest.
His melodious voice stole everyone’s heart.
Your handwriting is illegible.
I didn’t know about their friends.


3. Demonstrative adjective : this, that, these, those, such
Demonstrative adjective
Demonstrative pronoun
This book is mine.
This is my book.
That one is yours.
That is yours.
These children are very noisy.
Those were your friends.


4. Adjective of Quantity : (used with uncountable nouns) much, more, some, enough, little, less, any, no, sufficient, a lot of
e.g. There is some milk left in the tumbler.
        I have sufficient money with me.
        He doesn’t have much time to win the race.


5. Adjective of Number : (used with countable nouns) one, two, third, five, first, second, last, some, few, enough, any, many, more,  all, no, several, a lot of
e.g. There are some students practising on the stage.
        Many students are absent today.
        I don’t want to attend last period.


6. Distributive Adjective : each, every, either, neither
e.g. Each child has got the chocolate.
Every work is equally important.
Every day is a new day.
Neither of my friends has done this.
You may do it either way.


7. Interrogative Adjective : whose, what, which
Note : how – manner, why – reason, where – place, when – time are adverbs, hence, cannot be adjectives.
Examples :
Whose car is this?
Which gift do you want?
What time did you reach?


Exercises :
I.
a. ________ friends stopped talking to him.
b. I want __________ children to participate in the competition.
c. You don’t have __________ right to do this.
d. Can you speak ____________ louder?
e. __________ of them is my friend.

II.
There are many means of entertainment in the present time. The circus is one of  (a)  _________ most entertaining media. (b) ______________ Sunday some of (c) ________ friends went to see the Diamond Circus. (d) _________ uncle took us there. (e) _________ person was to pay for the ticket.

III.
(a) ___________  summer, I had one of  (b) _________  most memorable trips. At Rameshwaram we visited (c) ____________  ancient temples which gave us (d) ____________  idea about (e) ____________  glorious past. It added          (f) ______________ to (g) ______________ knowledge.




Answers I
a. his                b. all                c. any              d. little    e. none

Answers II
a. the               b. last              c. my               d. my               e. Each

Answers III
a. last               b. the               c. the               d. an                e. our
f. much    g. our

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